How to Quote, summarize and/or paraphrase in an essay
This is working about working with sources: Quotation, Summarizing and Paraphrasing. Quotation: When directly quoting an outside source, the author's words should be taken verbatim. Quotation can lend the essay credibility. Too much quotation makes it sounds like you, the writer don't have anything to say. Quotes should be used only when the writer needs to be precise, clear, and powerful. You should use the quotes when the person you are calling said in a unique way that really can't be put into on word. You may start out by doing a lot of quotes assuming of the draft by go through, some revisions and this will make the paper rich and full of details. Quotation marks should be used properly and normally goes outside the punctuation and we have an example here: My brother said, "don't do that". It's very important to note that the period goes after the quotation. So you consider the example: According to Smith, "The cat is red" (49). It's very important to note that the period goes after the parenthesis. Using too much borrowed material may make the essay feel choppy and report-like. Summarizing: When summarizing the outside source the writer does not use the author's exact wording. The writer does not use the quotation marks. The summarization is shorter than the original source being borrowed from. The writer should read the outside material and distill the main statement in his or her own words for the reader. The writer should continue to use signaling going into and out of the summarized outside source.
Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing is similar to summarization except that it usually deals with a smaller amount of outside material. Paraphrasing is similar to quotation because it also is used for emphasis and clarity. When paraphrasing, the writer takes a statement by outside source, and puts it into the writer's own words. The writer uses signaling. The writer credits the outside source. The writer does not use quotation marks.